The İzmir European Jazz Festival is among the numerous events organized every year by the İKSEV (İzmir Foundation for Culture, Arts and Education) since 1994. The line is 20 km (12.4 mi) long.[89]. The emergence of İzmir as a major international port by the 17th century was largely a result of the attraction it exercised over foreigners, and the city's European orientation. İzmir is also home to Turkey's second largest Jewish community after Istanbul, numbering about 2,500. The city boasts of several sports legends, past and present. Avec Turquie Cartes de tous les états, régions, villes, villages, quartiers, avenues, rues et les centres populaires » par satellite, de croquis et vues du terrain sont disponibles. En savoir plus avec cette carte interactive en ligne détaillée de İzmir fournie par Google Maps. Voyagez à İzmir, Turquie? The Persian emperor Cyrus the Great attacked the coastal cities of the Aegean after conquering the capital of Lydia. The Turkish Army retook possession of the city on 9 September 1922, effectively ending the Greco-Turkish War (1919–1922). Sie können auch eines der im Guide MICHELIN ausgewählten Hotels konsultieren und dort ein Zimmer buchen. By September 1922 the Greek army had been defeated and was in full retreat, the last Greek soldiers leaving Smyrna on 8 September 1922. There were five urban wards, one of these situated in the immediate vicinity of the port, rather active despite the town's small size and where the non-Muslim population was concentrated. Population movement from Eastern and South East Anatolia regions has enriched the local cuisine. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 15 min, while 27% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. Greece 1919–1922. The Atatürk Mask (Turkish: Atatürk Maskı) is a large concrete relief of the head of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, founder of modern Turkey, located to the south of Kadifekale the historical castle of İzmir. In medieval times, Westerners used forms like Smire, Zmirra, Esmira, Ismira, which was rendered as İzmir into Turkish, originally written as ايزمير with the Ottoman Turkish alphabet. People generally made their living from agriculture and fishing. [92], The following is a list of İzmir's sister cities:[93], This article is about the city in Turkey. Izmir . Smyrna, by this point, was no longer a small town, but an urban center taking part in the Mediterranean trade. The Turks first captured Smyrna under the Seljuk commander Çaka Bey in 1076, along with Klazomenai, Foça and a number of the Aegean Islands. Les bâtiments sont datés des IX-VII siècles avant... À proximité est situé le parc Adnan Saygun, où ont souvent lieu des concerts les plus variés et des fêtes nationales. Check-In Danke! Historically, during the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the city was an educational center of the Greek world, with a total of 67 male and 4 female schools. The team plays its games at the Karşıyaka Arena. Beylik of Aydin 1330–1344 [39] According to Henry Morgenthau and Trudy Ring, before World War I, the Greeks alone numbered 130,000, out of a total population of 250,000. Alsancak Terminal, built in 1858, and Basmane Terminal, built in 1866, are the two main railway stations of the city. [46] The remaining Greeks left for Greece in 1923, as part of the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, a stipulation of the Treaty of Lausanne, which formally ended the Greco-Turkish War. Les images infrarouges sont utiles pour prévoir la nébulosité, de jour comme de nuit. These services are cheap and it is not unusual to see natives or visitors taking a ferry ride simply as a pastime. Umur Bey, the son of the founder of the Beylik of Aydın, took first the upper fort of Mount Pagos (thereafter called Kadifekale), and then the lower port castle of Neon Kastron (called St. Peter by the Genoese and as "Ok Kalesi" by the Turks). The Greek settlement in Old Smyrna is attested by the presence of pottery dating from about 1000 BC onwards. The annual International İzmir Festival, which begins in mid-June and continues until mid-July, has been organized since 1987. The 2004 discovery of Yeşilova Höyük and the neighboring Yassıtepe, in the small delta of Meles River, now the Bornova plain, reset the starting date of the city's past further back than previously thought. The long campaign for the conquest of Crete (22 years between 1648 and 1669) also considerably enhanced İzmir's position within the Ottoman realm since the city served as a port of dispatch and supply for the troops. A Sephardic contribution to the Turkish cuisine, boyoz and lokma are pastries associated with İzmir. Ottoman Empire 1425–1919 [16] Others link the name to the Myrrha commifera shrub, a plant producing the aromatic resin called myrrh that is indigenous to the Middle East and northeastern Africa, which was the city's chief export in antiquity. Special rooms were also built for those with disabilities in addition to suites and standard rooms. İzmir sur le site Mapcarta, la carte libre. [36] The wide arc of the Smyrna-Cassaba line advancing in a wide arc to the north-west from İzmir, through the Karşıyaka suburb, contributed greatly to the development of the northern shores as urban areas. İZBAN, formerly known as Egeray, is a commuter rail system serving İzmir and its metropolitan area. That the realm of the 13th century BC local Luwian ruler, who is depicted in the Kemalpaşa Karabel rock carving at a distance of only 50 km (31 mi) from İzmir was called the Kingdom of Myra may also leave grounds for association with the city's name.[15]. The systematic evacuation of Greeks on the quay started on 24 September when the first Greek ships entered the harbor under the supervision of Allied destroyers. [13], The region of İzmir was situated on the southern fringes of the Yortan culture in Anatolia's prehistory, knowledge of which is almost entirely drawn from its cemeteries. [citation needed] The oldest model of a multiple-roomed house of this period was found in Old Smyrna. Izmir : Consultez sur Tripadvisor 69 976 avis de voyageurs et trouvez des conseils sur les endroits où sortir, manger et dormir à Izmir, Izmir Province. Two other notable football figures from İzmir are Alpay Özalan and Mustafa Denizli, the first having played for Aston Villa F.C. Izmir's port is Turkey's primary port for exports in terms of the freight handled and its free zone, a Turkish-U.S. joint-venture established in 1990, is the leader among the twenty in Turkey. [40][41] Moreover, according to various scholars, prior to the war, the city hosted more Greeks than Athens, the capital of Greece. İzmir's latest tram system is owned by the metropolitan municipality and operated by İzmir Metro A.Ş. Sie suchen eine Karte oder den Stadtplan von İzmir und Umgebung?   A 130 km (81 mi) İzmir-Aydın railway was started in 1856 and finished in 1867, a year later than the Smyrna-Cassaba Railway, itself started in 1863. En savoir plus avec cette carte interactive en ligne détaillée de İzmir fournie par Google Maps. Electricity, water and gas are now supplied by separate undertakings, and İzmir's trolleybus system ceased to operate in 1992. Since the right-wing Justice and Development Party (AKP) gained power in 2002, the electorate of İzmir has been notable for voting strongly in favour of the CHP in every general and local election. To the east and the north-east, urban development ends near the natural barriers constituted respectively by the Belkahve (Mount Nif) and Sabuncubeli (Mount Yamanlar-Mount Sipylus) passes. [37] According to author Katherine Flemming, by 1919, Smyrna's 150,000 Greeks made up just under half of the population, outnumbering the Turks in the city two to one,[38] while the American Consul General, George Horton, records 165,000 Turks, 150,000 Greeks, 25,000 Jews, 25,000 Armenians, and 20,000 foreigners (Italians, French, British, Americans). The war, and especially the events that took place in İzmir, such as the fire, probably the greatest disaster the city has ever experienced, continue to influence the psyches of the two nations to this day. The population of the city is predominantly Muslim, but it was predominantly non-Muslim up to the earlier quarter of the 20th century.[55]. L'établissement se trouve à Karsiyaka, l'un des plus beaux quartiers d'Izmir. L'adresse de l'école est la suivante : Sk 6402 - No. Finden Sie auf der Karte von İzmir eine gesuchte Adresse, berechnen Sie die Route von oder nach İzmir oder lassen Sie sich alle Sehenswürdigkeiten und Restaurants aus dem Guide Michelin in oder um İzmir anzeigen. With the death of the last bey of Aydın, İzmiroğlu Cüneyd Bey, in 1426 the city passed fully under Ottoman control. İzmir has an electronic, integrated pre-pay ticket known as the İzmirim Kart ('My Izmir' Card). The province as a whole is Turkey's third largest exporter after Istanbul and Bursa, and the fifth largest importer. Edward Hale Bierstadt, Helen Davidson Creighton. However, the bus company has inherited the original name. Special lines to points further out in the gulf are also put in service during summer, transporting excursion or holiday makers. [56] The community is still concentrated in their traditional quarter of Karataş. Given the importance of the city, Roman emperors who came to Anatolia also visited Smyrna. During the campaigns against Cüneyd, the Ottomans were assisted by the forces of the Knights Hospitaller who pressed the Sultan to return the port castle to them. Bus companies' shuttle services pick up customers from each of their branch offices scattered across the city at regular intervals, often free of charge. Empire of Nicaea 1209–1261 Voyagez à İzmir, Turquie? Carte de Turquie Four Points by Sheraton Izmir is located inside the Mistral Tower project. Formalités de départ jusqu'à 12:00, For those wanting to travel outside the hotel, the Sanayi Subway Station is a 5-minute walk away. During this period the agora was restored. De celles-ci, chambres à lits jumeaux 19, The extra-large terraces gives guests a unique view of the gulf landscape. The Floor Ownership Law of 1965 (Kat Mülkiyeti Kanunu), allowing and encouraging arrangements between house or land proprietors and building contractors by which each would share the benefits of renting out eight-floor apartment blocks built to replace former single-family houses, proved especially disastrous for the urban landscape. Smyrna was a fine city with stone-paved streets. The workforce, and particularly its rising class of young professionals, is concentrated either in the city or in its immediate vicinity (such as in Manisa and Turgutlu), and as either larger companies or SMEs, affirm their names with an increasingly wider global scale and intensity.[11]. İzmir prides itself with its busy schedule of trade fairs, exhibitions and congresses. Dans l’environnement du temple ont également été trouvés des murs fortifiés qui entourent une ancienne ville ionique. "U.S. Red Cross Feeding 400,000 Refugees", Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters, page 292, 2009, World University Games (Universiade) in 2005, population exchange between Greece and Turkey. [citation needed], Byzantine Empire 395–1076 Assurer en permanence la santé et la sécurité des clients fait partie des priorités absolues pour les hôtels. Foreign consulates moved from Chios to the city by the early 17th century (1619 for the French Consulate, 1621 for the British), serving as trade centers for their nations. By 1576, İzmir had grown to house 492 taxpayers in eight urban wards and had a number of dependent villages. İzmir may have been a rather sparsely populated place in the 15th and 16th centuries, as indicated by the first extant Ottoman records describing the town and dating from 1528. The Greeks, on the other hand, have cited the numerous atrocities committed by the Turkish soldiers against the Greeks and Armenians (locals or hinterland refugees) in İzmir. Maximum temperatures during the winter months are usually between 10 and 16 °C (50 and 61 °F). Coordinated public transportation was introduced to İzmir in 1999. Emperor Marcus Aurelius contributed greatly to the rebuilding of the city. : 14:00 Timur attacked and destroyed Smyrna and was responsible for the massacre of most of the Christian population, which constituted the vast majority in Smyrna. According to the 1893 Ottoman census, more than half of the population was Turkish, with 133,800 Greeks, 9,200 Armenians, 17,200 Jews, and 54,600 foreign nationals. The latest known rendering in Greek of the city's name is the Aeolic Greek Μύρρα Mýrrha, corresponding to the later Ionian and Attic Σμύρνα (Smýrna) or Σμύρνη (Smýrnē), both presumably descendants of a Proto-Greek form *Smúrnā. University of İzmir – Founded in 2007, closed in 2016. Modern İzmir also incorporates the nearby ancient cities of Ephesus, Pergamon, Sardis and Klazomenai, and centers of international tourism such as Kuşadası, Çeşme, Mordoğan and Foça. [65], Izmir has its own local media companies: there are 9 TV channels headquartered in İzmir and broadcasting in the Aegean Region, 26 local radio stations and 15 local newspapers. Kumru is a special kind of sandwich that is associated particularly with the Çeşme district and features cheese and tomato in its basics, with sucuk also added sometimes. The Kemeraltı bazaar zone set up by the Ottomans, combined with the Agora, rests near the slopes of Kadifekale. Despite facing a plague in 1676, an earthquake in 1688 and a great fire in 1743, the city continued to grow. There are nine synagogues in İzmir, concentrated either in the traditional Jewish quarter of Karataş or in Havra Sokak (Synagogue street) in Kemeraltı, and they all bear the signature of the 19th century when they were built or re-constructed in depth on the basis of former buildings. /en/custom/plugins/GoogleMapIntegration/Resources/views/frontend/_public/src/img/icon-map-poi.png. In English, the city was called Smyrna into the 20th century. Oktay became the first notable Turkish footballer to play abroad, with Palermo in Italy's Serie A, during the 1961–1962 season. Turquie Cartes régionales des autoroutes, des dépliants, des situations routières, transport, hébergement, guide, géographique, des informations physiques peut être trouvé avec la carte interactive du monde. It is the third most populous city in Turkey, after Istanbul and Ankara, and the second largest urban agglomeration on the Aegean Sea after Athens, Greece. Turkey has consists of a mix of public and private health system, also Turkey has Universal health care insurance system (SGK[74]) which residents registered with a T.C. Personne(s). In Ottoman Turkish the town's name was ايزمير Izmīr. Alexander had defeated the Persians in several battles and finally the Emperor Darius III himself at Issus in 333 BC. There are a total of nine active universities in and near İzmir. It was designed by Levantine French architect Raymond Charles Père in 1901 to commemorate the 25th anniversary of the ascension of Abdülhamid II to the Ottoman throne in 1876. İzmir Metropolitan Municipality (İBB) Sports Club's ice hockey team began playing in the Turkish Ice Hockey Super League during the 2011–2012 season. Les meilleures choses à voir et à faire à Izmir, Izmir Province : découvrez 16 581 avis de voyageurs et photos de 287 choses à faire à Izmir, sur Tripadvisor. The Turkish State Railways operates regional service to Ödemiş, Tire, Selçuk, Aydın, Söke, Nazilli, Denizli and Uşak, as well as longer-distance intercity service to Ankara, Afyon and Bandırma (and from there to İstanbul via İDO connection). The 4-star hotel is designed with 8,000 square meters of space, which comes with 110 rooms, five meeting rooms, one restaurant and one bar. In the late 19th century, the port was threatened by a build-up of silt in the gulf and an initiative, unique in the history of the Ottoman Empire, was undertaken in 1886. Karşıyaka's basketball department Karşıyaka Basket won the Turkish Basketball League twice (in the 1986–87 and 2014–15 seasons), the Turkish Cup once (in the 2013–14 season) and the Presidential Cup twice (in 1987 and 2014). La plupart de cartes en demande aujourd'hui: carte Portland, carte Vatican, carte Pensacola, Carte de Saipan, Carte de Salt Lake City, Carte de İzmir, Turquie en ligne pour voyageurs. The city thus came under Roman rule as a civil diocese within the Province of Asia and enjoyed a new period of prosperity. La découverte la plus précieuse des archéologues est le temple d’Athéna situé dans la région de Barakly. [60], Trade through the city's port had a determinant importance for the economy of the Ottoman Empire at the beginning of the 19th century and the economic foundations of the early decades of Turkey's Republican era were also laid here in İzmir Economic Congress. Today, it is not surprising that many inhabitants of İzmir (similar to residents of other prominent Turkish cities) look back with nostalgia to a cozier, more manageable city, which came to an end in the last few decades. The Agora of Smyrna is well preserved, and is arranged into the Agora Open Air Museum of İzmir, although important parts buried under modern buildings wait to be brought to light. İZBAN A.Ş. The city eventually became one of the twelve Ionian cities and was well on its way to becoming a foremost cultural and commercial center in the Mediterranean basin of that period, reaching its peak between 650–545 BC. By the end of the 17th century, the population was estimated at around ninety thousand, the Turks forming the majority (about 60,000); there were also 15,000 Greeks, 8,000 Armenians and 6,000 to 7,000 Jews, as well as a considerable section made up of French, English, Dutch and Italian merchants. The Levantines of İzmir, who are mostly of Genoese and to a lesser degree of French and Venetian descent, live mainly in the districts of Bornova and Buca. De nombreux taxis et dolmus (taxis collectifs) sont disponibles pour visiter Izmir. The majority of the citizens in İzmir have continued to vote for the centre-left political parties (in particular the CHP), despite large-scale pledges by the AKP promising investment and new infrastructure. Wenn Sie keine E-Mail erhalten, kontaktieren Sie uns bitte über folgendes Formular, Mehr über den Umgang mit Ihren Daten und über Ihre Rechte, reservieren oder kostenlos Ihr Zimmer in einem Hotel, API ViaMichelin - Itineraries, Geocoding, Traffic, Mapping, Michelin POI. [citation needed] With the privileged trading conditions accorded to foreigners in 1620 (these were the infamous capitulations that were later to cause a serious threat and setback for the Ottoman state in its decline), İzmir began to be one of the foremost trade centers of the Empire. İzmir's first Ottoman governor was Alexander, a converted son of the Bulgarian Shishman dynasty. [citation needed], İzmir's cuisine has largely been affected by its multicultural history, hence the large variety of food originating from the Aegean and Mediterranean regions. In his will, he bequeathed his kingdom to the Roman Republic, and this included Smyrna. Suitehôtel, 24 Heures d'ouvertures Auf den Stadtplänen von ViaMichelin können Sie sich für jede Stadt die üblichen kartografischen Elemente (Namen und Arten von Straßen und Wegen) sowie auch detailliertere Informationen anzeigen lassen: Fußgängerzonen, Gebäudenummern und die Richtung von Straßen, Verwaltungsgebäude sowie die wichtigsten Wahrzeichen der Stadt (Rathaus, Bahnhof, Post, Theater usw. Apostle John urged his followers to remain Christians: "Be faithful to the point of death, and I will give you the crown of life" (Revelation 2:10). [citation needed]. Combined with written evidence, it is generally admitted that Smyrna and Chios put forth the strongest arguments in claiming Homer and the main belief is that he was born in Ionia. [79], İzmir is also home to the third U.S. Space Camp in the world, Space Camp Turkey. [1][2] İzmir's metropolitan area extends along the outlying waters of the Gulf of İzmir and inland to the north across the Gediz River Delta; to the east along an alluvial plain created by several small streams; and to slightly more rugged terrain in the south. En savoir plus avec cette carte en ligne İzmir fournie par Google Maps.   Les artefacts exposés ici sont très diverses, mais ils sont tous liés à la vie d’Ataturk. İzmir has two historical rail terminals in the city center. The festival aims to bring together masters and lovers of jazz with the aim to generate feelings of love, friendship and peace. Being the third largest city in Turkey, İzmir is viewed as the CHP's most prized electoral stronghold, since the party has a more limited support base in both İstanbul and Ankara. His predecessor, the previous mayor Aziz Kocaoğlu (CHP) was first elected in 2004, and he was re-elected in both 2009 and 2014. The fire completely destroyed the Greek and Armenian quarters, while the Muslim and Jewish quarters escaped damage. To facilitate easier access, a Halkapınar—Otogar metro line has long been deliberated but construction has never begun – though throughout his campaign and upon his election as mayor of İzmir in 2019, Tunç Soyer has outlined it as one of his priorities.[88]. Several graves containing artifacts dating roughly from 3000 BC, and contemporary with the first city of Troy, were found.[19]. This triggered fanatical Muslim groups to proceed to the massacre of c. 1,500 local Greeks. The city participated in Climathon in 2019. İzmir (UK: /ˈɪzmɪər/ IZ-meer, US: /ɪzˈmɪər/ iz-MEER, Turkish: [ˈizmiɾ]), often spelled Izmir in English, is a metropolitan city in the western extremity of Anatolia. İzmir hosted the Mediterranean Games in 1971 and the World University Games (Universiade) in 2005. Bucaspor were relegated from the top tier, Turkish Super League, at the end of the 2010–11 season. Scuola Primaria e dell’Infanzia Italiana di Smirne (Italian school), Trading Posts and Fortifications on Genoese Trade Routes from the Mediterranean to the Black Sea, Wooden Roofed and Wooden Columned Mosques in Anatolia, This page was last edited on 28 September 2020, at 13:21. Les hôtels affichant une étiquette d'inspection indiquent leur prise de mesures de protection avancées pour aider à limiter la propagation de la pandémie de COVID-19 dans leurs établissements. Une collection magnifique d’artefacts historiques abrite le fameux Musée Ataturk. Another factor is the large and fertile area of land surrounding the region which grows a rich selection of vegetables. [22] The oldest house discovered in Bayraklı has been dated to 925 and 900 BC. 24 ferries shuttle between 9 quays (clockwise: Bostanlı, Karşıyaka, Bayraklı, Alsancak, Pasaport, Konak, Karantina, Göztepe and Üçkuyular.) Smyrna has more than 3,000 years of recorded urban history, and up to 8,500 years of history as a human settlement since the Neolithic period. Knights Hospitaller and Beylik of Aydin 1344–1402 Turquie. Turquie Cartes régionales des autoroutes, des dépliants, des situations routières, transport, hébergement, guide, géographique, des informations physiques peut être trouvé avec la carte interactive du monde. The card is valid on all metro and commuter rail lines, buses, ferries, trams, and in certain other municipal facilities. Beylik of Aydin 1405–1425 The İzmirim Kart allows for the use of multiple forms of transport within a 90-minute window, combining for a single fare price. [28][citation needed]. During the festival, many world-class performers such as soloists and virtuosi, orchestras, dance companies, rock and jazz groups have given recitals and performances at various venues in the city and its surrounding areas; including the ancient theatres at Ephesus (near Selçuk) and Metropolis (an ancient Ionian city situated near the town of Torbalı.) Sancakkale is situated in the present-day İnciraltı quarter between the Balçova and Narlıdere districts, on the southern shore of the Gulf of İzmir. As a result, Old Smyrna was destroyed in 545 BC. Cette carte affiche la bande infrarouge de lumière pour mettre en relief les différences de température entre les objets. A sixty-year period of uneasy cohabitation between the two powers, the Turks holding the upper castle and the Knights the lower, followed Umur Bey's death. Seljuk Empire 1076–1081 Providing you with color coded visuals of areas with cloud cover. Les objets les plus froids, sont plus brillants, tandis que les objets les plus chauds sont plus sombres. Une carte nationale d'identité ou un passeport en cours de validité suffit pour se rendre à Izmir. One of the most prominent present-day figures of the community is Caroline Giraud Koç, wife of the renowned Turkish industrialist Mustafa Koç, whose company, Koç Holding, is one of the largest family-owned industrial conglomerates in the world. It has five garages at Karataş, Gümrük, Basmane, Yeşilyurt, and Konak. [12], In ancient Anatolia, the name of a locality called Ti-smurna is mentioned in some of the Level II tablets from the Assyrian colony in Kültepe (first half of the 2nd millennium BC), with the prefix ti- identifying a proper name, although it is not established with certainty that this name refers to modern-day İzmir.

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